Around 23% of all adults have arthritis and about half of them find that they can’t enjoy their daily life due to the pain and stiffness. When you have a chronic and progressive disease like arthritis, you need a doctor like Charles P. Capito, MD, in Weirton, West Virginia, Steubenville, Ohio, or Oakdale, Pennsylvania, who has years of experience helping patients maintain healthy joints and stay as active as possible. For comprehensive arthritis treatment that helps alleviate your pain, book an appointment online or call the office nearest you.
Arthritis is a generic name that refers to hundreds of different conditions that share one thing in common: Joint inflammation. The two most common types of arthritis are:
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. It’s often called wear-and-tear arthritis because it develops over years of everyday movements that gradually damage the cartilage. As the cartilage progressively wears down, bones inside the joint rub against one another, causing pain, stiffness, and inflammation. As the condition progresses, bone spurs also develop that add to your pain.
The second most common type of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune condition. It develops when your immune system attacks healthy tissues lining the joint, making them inflamed and swollen. Without treatment, progressive inflammation erodes the bones and causes deformities.
An estimated 12% of all cases of osteoarthritis develop after a joint injury. This condition, called post-traumatic arthritis (PTA), is one of the top causes of joint disability. The injury may or may not damage the cartilage — you can develop PTA either way.
At the office of Charles P. Capito, MD, your treatment plan aims to achieve three goals: Relieve your pain, maintain mobility, and prevent disease progression.
Your individualized treatment plan may include:
Staying active without placing too much stress on the joint is an important component of your treatment. Physical therapy gives you a structured exercise plan to follow that helps reduce inflammation, maintain muscle strength, and improve joint movement.
The only medications for osteoarthritis are pain relievers like acetaminophen and NSAIDs. If you have rheumatoid arthritis, Dr. Capito may prescribe one of the specialized medications available to help stop its progression.
Dr. Capito may recommend corticosteroid injections to significantly reduce joint inflammation and relieve your pain. If you have knee osteoarthritis, viscosupplementation, or shots of hyaluronic acid, can go a long way toward improving movement and reducing your pain.
Dr. Capito works with you to maintain movement in your natural joint as long as possible. However, arthritis is a progressive disease and, at some point, conservative treatments may not provide enough pain relief.
Dr. Capito may recommend surgery to trim away loose cartilage, repair damaged cartilage, resurface the joint, or clean away inflamed tissues. When arthritis severely limits your ability to move, a joint replacement provides much-needed pain relief.
If you need treatment for arthritis, call Charles P. Capito, MD, or schedule an appointment online.